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My Plan is this-

Paint skin the same as the skin of people in portrait directly onto the sitter –> Take photo–> Remove for example, fruit, from photo –> Have altered image scan printed onto canvas –> Complete rest of portrait in the style of said artist.


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It has been suggested that New Labour is little more than the ‘friendly face of Thatcherism’. This piece will illustrate how this is a reasonable perception and give reasons as to why this may not be true. Concluding in the justification of Thatcherism as an inevitable part of the political evolution, but why it is not the true identity of the present New Labour.

 

Previous Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher a Conservative once said “The lady is not for turning”1 Later her predecessor PM Tony Blair the father of New Labour declared “I can only go one way; I’ve not got a reverse gear.”2 With these statements they almost echoed one another; Thatcher even went so far as to say her greatest achievement was “…Tony Blair and New Labour”3.  Our present Labour party Prime Minister, Gordon Brown claimed in reference to Thatcher  “I’m a conviction politician like her…”4 So if one was to believe New Labour was little more than the face of  Thatcherism with regards to it ideals and policies, theses statements would not do well to deter such beliefs.  Since the 22nd of November 1990 (the day Thatcher resigned) many aspects of the government landscape have gone unchanged.  The free market based on the same ‘get rich and then share the wealth afterwards’ attitude has prominence within New Labour who gradually became increasingly disenchanted by their socialist beginnings.  Tony Blair resisted renationalisation of the railways even when he received public pressure and pressure from his own deputy to do so. Brown is now doing the same, presently favouring private over state ownership in general (e.g. Utilities).  The Labour party that British people once knew was more like the current Norwegian Labour Party whose aspirations are less about individualism and more focused on a national collaboration towards progression, giving higher recognition to Trade Unions and maintaining a relatively low financial divide between citizens.  Quite unlike the labour we have today.

 

The Labour Party may not be adhering to the image they originally portrayed but this does not make them Tory’s.  The refusal to nationalise the railways is also held by Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats so they are not alone in their views.  Perhaps New Labour continuing to allow private over state ownership was/is considered by some citizens as unfavourable, but Labours stance is not necessarily an ode to Thatcher.  With regards to this example it appears Labour simply prioritised capitalism over democracy.  Other circumstances it seems there is a continuation of the work of Thatcher but this mainly because some economical decisions, such as mine closers, are near impossible to reverse.  Labour is often romanticised as once being an unwavering advocate for the working classes and the underprivileged, but just as it is failing workers presently, is has failed workers pre-Thatcher with decisions that had brutal consequences.  For example, freezing wages in 1948 , changing tax rules to benefit the already wealthy and NHS prescription charges were also a Labour suggestion.  When one party replaces another it has to be as organic as possible, entirely contradicting previous ways may cause unnecessary disruption and do more harm than good. Some of Thatcher’s policies were unfavourable, but the ones that were already an established success, Blair took the safer option with, and acquired no ambition to improve or potentially worsen his situation by undoing the scars. Knowing that if one was to put forward an unfavourable policy but execute it well then such actions are often commended, whereas a favourable policy that does not come to fruition is greatly frowned upon, much like the ‘first past the post’ elections, whereby winners are rewarded and failures punished. So instead the New Labour of today absorbed much of Thatcherism but softened it where possible. Allowing Scotland its government, Wales its assembly and presently embracing the EU.  These acts alone differentiate it greatly from Thatcherism.  There is even talk of Browns party imposing a tax increase so that as of  ‘…next April anyone earning over 150,000 pounds a year will be paying 51.5 percent on every extra pound’ 5 a considerably left wing thing to suggest.

 

Considering the factors that have been presented it appears New Labour did take aspects of Thatcherism but only so far as the considerably predetermined route forced them.  To find Thatcher the true identity of present politics is to be ostentatious with retrospection. An impractical approach as inevitably political evolution means all governing parties take from the past and eventually influence the future. It is also common to find situations where Thatcherism is reversible (such as the railways), but not retracted, so these should now be attributed to the modern New Labour party who waver their freedom to make change. Labour is not the ‘friendly face of Thatcherism’, more the estranged offspring that at times lacks integrity.

 

 

 

1 Ask oxford, 2009. http://www.askoxford.com/worldofwords/quotations/100quotes/. UK: Oxford Dictionary of Quotations. Accessed 06 Nov 09

2 BBC News Channel, 2003. Blair vows no reverse on reform. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/3149164.stm) UK: BBC News. Accessed 06 Nov 09

3 Burns, C. 2008. Margaret Thatcher’s greatest achievement: New Labour.http://conservativehome.blogs.com/centreright/2008/04/making-history.html) Accessed  08 Nov 09 (

4 Grice.A, 2007. Brown: I’m a conviction politician like Thatcher.(http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/brown-im-a-conviction-politician-like-thatcher-401404.html) UK: The Independent. Accessed 08 Nov 09

 

5Collins. N, 2009. Darling Gambles with Britain’s Credit, (http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate-uk/2009/04/23/darling-gambles-with-britains-credit/) Accessed 08 Nov 09

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Earl, A. Reitan. 2003. The Thatcher Revolution: Margaret Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair, and the Transformation of Modern Britain. Maryland, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Margaret Thatcher 1960 [Video], 2008, accessed 07 Nov 09, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yc3hm7dhEQo

Gordon Brown… [Video], 2007, accessed 07 Nov 09, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjHP1zyVTaI

Anothony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, John K. Curtice, 2001.The Rise of New Labour, Party Policies and Voter Choices. Great Britain: Biddles Ltd, Guilford and King’s Lynn.

 

Hills.J. 1998, Thatcherism, New Labour and the Welfare State. Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics. http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/Paper13.pdf. Accessed 06 Nov 09.

 

Sagall.S, 1996. The Great Train Robbery. Issue 196 of Socialist Review. [http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/sr196/sagall.htm] Accessed 06 Nov 09

Jenkins. S, 2007. Thatcher and Sons: A Revolution in Three Acts. England, Penguin.

 

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Afghan and Opium

Who thought my Economics homework would be this interesting?…I quite enjoyed finding out this stuff so have put my notes below…they are rough notes so please excuse the terrible english in places…Its an attempt to show that Political propaganda (where politicians are taking credit or the decline in opium production) is really quite untrue…

Worldwide demand for Opium is 5000 ton per annum, given that Afghanistan produces 90% of the worlds Opium, to reach an equilibrium (supplying the same amount as is demanded) they should be producing only 4500 tonnes. However in 2008 they exceeded this by 1110 tonnes and in 2009 exceed by 1900 tonnes. Therefore the value of opium has decreased significantly,  due to opium being plentiful, so therefore cheaper. This makes it a low profit investment for farmers so recently they have started to voluntarily grow wheat instead (which in 2009 is now worth 3 times as much because people such as the Chinese are eating more meat and wheat is needed to rear cattle).

Resurgence in Opium production would occur if opium dealers decided to control supply and caused an intentional shortage to heighten the value of opium, consequently making it appealing again to farmers. However this would be unfavourable for the opium dealers as then they would then have the stored surplus and the newly cultivated opium. More likely to cause a resurgence would be while farmers are cultivating wheat a natural shortage occurring in the opium market (obviously this present lower supply and constant demand will make the opium more scarce) eventually leading to a price increase (and a feasible means of living for farmers due to lower opportunity costing than wheat cultivation).

So out of 6900 tonnes of opium produced this year only 6% (414 tonnes) was officially removed from circulation.  Proving that US and UK army’s are having almost inconsequential effects on opium trade…nature (having a good season) and basic economics has in fact lowered Opium production and made bad farmers turn good.

(4% burnt + 2% seized by Military)

People may not understand why we do not just burn all of the Opium,  this is because it is now Afghanistan’s main source of income and to destroy it would be a fatal puncture in the heart of their economy. This is why it must be gradual. Without the income people would starve, possible crime increase etc etc.



Data 2008 2009 Change
Cultivation (ha) 157, 000 123, 000 -22%
Production (ton) 6210 6900 -10%
Demand  (ton) 5000 5000 0

Hectares used per ton

2008- 25.2ha

2009- 17.8ha

7.4 ha less required in 2009 to generate the same amount as 2008 due to good weather.

Earnings- Wheat production V Opium production

2003 27 times more than Opium

2007 10 times more than Opium

2009 3 times more than Opium

Western intervention

4% burnt

2% seized

Below-Sgt Alex Green

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Who’s Jack

…Jack is an accumulation of all that is outrageous, fashionable, sinful and great about London, amongst many other things. They kindly publish some stuff I write. Buy online now and have it sent within the week!

WHO’s JACK ISSUE 29 … skip to page 62 😉

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Painting of Cleft Palate.

Oils on Linen.

week 2 – Heavier base colours

30″ by 24″ (75cm by 60cm)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9aKkhIZLC8

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Axolotl

I want this!!!! Half evolved Salamander aka ‘Axolotl’…they just stay this way?… amazing…

Click

HERE

to see mor

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